Solo Shows

Chris Dorland, historian for the future

Chris Dorland, Untitled (Cipher), 2023

Contributed by Sharon Butler / As curators Eleanor Cayre and Dean Kissick pointed out for their 2022 summer show “The Painter’s New Tools,” most painters use computers in the studio, whether to make composite image studies, scan and print 3-D models, create animations, or simply display large-scale imagery. To a greater or lesser degree, all artists are engaged in digital practice these days. Chris Dorland goes at least a meta-step farther. His dazzling paintings, on display in “shellcode” at Lyles & King, are indeed made with digital tools. But Dorland’s new work is primarily about the evolution of the digital environment itself.

Chris Dorland, Untitled (cipher), 2023, detail

Over the years, he has collected imagery gleaned from our online surroundings, and, orchestrating a complex interaction of paint and computer imagery, embeds the history of digital art into his paintings. As in previous work, he continues to lift the titles, like “shellcode” and “legacy software” from the tech sector. Look closely and you can see the bitmap icons, early computer generated drawings and mesh grids, scan’s of dot-matrix printing, the distinctive color palette, early cyberpunk glitch, coding languages, and the cinematic dark distance we have come to think of as “cyberspace.” It’s all there, jammed in to one uncanny place and embedded in thickly striated paint. Dorland’s goal is to capture a nascent canon that’s being written in real time.

Chris Dorland, Untitled (cipher), 2023
Chris Dorland, Untitled (cipher), 2023 (detail)

In 2009, Dorland started using video as a means of expanding his visual vocabulary beyond what was possible in painting. The moving image enabled him to incorporate the narrative and hypnotic power of advertising, and he started making three- to five-second looped GIFs that, although short, were dense and engaging. During this period, artists were beginning to lose faith in the possibilities of technology, and the general outlook was becoming more and more dystopic. A recent ad for Adobe touts new developments in the digital environment, suggesting that the immersive experiences will “include metaverses – rich, persistent, shared interactive experiences with collaboration and co-creation, as well as fully functioning shared economies – and other experiences targeted to shopping, job training, play and gaming, education, remote meetings, cultural experiences, and more.” Such breathlessly irony-free promotion induces eye-rolling in both the cognitive and the normative sense. We aren’t rubes when it comes to the digital space anymore, and each day we become more cynical about technological innovation. Dorland draws meaning, hope even, from this flattening sociological phenomenon.

Chris Dorland, Untitled (console) 2023
Chris Dorland, Untitled (console) 2023 (detail)

Artists like Albert Oehlen, Wade Guyton, Pieter Schoolwerth, and Jacqueline Humphries have been riffing on the digital aesthetic for years. Seth Price, in his book Fuck Seth Price, created the character of a young painter whose work is described as “Foxconn worker’s accidental Coke spills on Nigerian mud cloth, scanned and randomly manipulated in Photoshop, printed on Belgian linen stretched over a vacuum-formed frame” – a hilarious description that sparked Dorland’s ideas about combining digital technology and painting. Monsieur Zohore’s paintings on paper towels struck a chord with him, as did the screen sculptures of Brussels-based artist Janne Schimmel, in which gaming, science fiction, and impending disaster all play a role. Also on Dorland’s radar are artists such as Tishan Hsu, Fabian Marcaccio, and Joseph Nechvatal, who have been immersed in digital technology since the 1990s.

Chris Dorland, Untitled (shellcode) 2023
Chris Dorland, Untitled (shellcode), 2023

Combining traditional painting, image curation, compositing, and inkjet printing, Dorland’s new large-scale paintings suggest that cyberpunk is now history. Technology, of course, will keep developing; advancing AI and data collection capabilities will continue to impress, overwhelm, and worry the hell out of us. But Dorland’s images, which layer samples of pictures he’s had in his computer files for years, strike me as transformatively curated artifacts of a gentler if far from perfect era. His sly deployment of old tech not only records its moment and its obsolescence but also reminds us of the optimistic promise that digital innovation held a mere 30 years ago. We can appreciate Dorland’s paintings as prescient depictions of all the detritus — digital signals and discarded computer infrastructure — that will be littered throughout the universe long after humans are gone, like a Rosetta stone for the next iteration.

“Chris Dorland: shellcode,” Lyles & King, 19 Henry Street, New York, NY. February 24 to April 1, 2023. 

About the author: Sharon Butler is a painter and the publisher of Two Coats of Paint.


  1. “To a greater or lesser degree, all artists are engaged in digital practice these days.”
    Is there some supporting data for this statement that reveals generational differences? My guess is that it might reveal a distinct bias in your assessment of who matters when you use the term “all”. I am part of a large community of artists who have have been practicing for over 30 years—few or none use computers in any significant way in their practice.

  2. Hi Naomi,
    Thanks for the comment. Do you have a website? Do you use a digital camera to photograph your work? Do you color correct your images in Photoshop? Are you on Instagram? Do you Faceboook? If yes to any of these questions, you are engaged in digital practice.

  3. Greetings Sharon—thanks for your reply. In part, your review focused on the enhancement of painting via digital power. I assumed that you were referring to this aspect of digital practice when you used the term “all”. I have much respect for many artists whose finished work is made possible through digital prowess. Nevertheless, to my way of thinking, none of the digital practices that you mentioned in your reply to me are truly significant within the intimate making of the artwork itself.

  4. looking forward to seeing the show. ..the images are beautiful and i enjoyed reading the review…even if the digital stresses me out…you actually make it an interesting topic to further explore.

  5. topic to further explore in relation to painting and art in general.

  6. Wonderful review of maybe Chris’ best exhibition to date. It’s smart, beautiful, timely and manages to keep technology engaging and unthreatening. Thanks for your clear take on complex work!

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