Reader response to “Abstract Painting: The New Casualists”

Lauren Luloff, installation shot from “Painting Expanded,” at Tanya Bonakdar Gallery through July 29, 2011. The show features work by emerging artists who use new methods and materials to push the definition of what still might be considered painting today. Image via MEP

In the past few weeks, I’ve gotten many emails responding to “Abstract Painting: The New Casualists,” an article I wrote for the June issue of The Brooklyn Rail. Thanks to New American PaintingsPainter’s Table and other bloggers for sharing the article with your readers–conversation is good.The majority of the correspondence has been positive, but I wanted to address some questions and respond to a few comments and one Particular Reader’s complaints.

This Particular Reader (PR) wondered why I felt a need to write the article at all since, in his mind, it seemed like a rehash of “Provisional PaintingRaphael Rubinstein‘s excellent 2009 article in Art in America, so let me differentiate between Rubinstein’s provisional painters and the painters I described, for lack of a better term, as �casualist.� The casualists use earlier abstract styles and motifs intuitively as a visual language rather than as a conceptual premise. Plenty of artists believe in the premeditated strategic employment of references to historic abstraction, but the paintings I�m discussing are more likely to emerge unplanned through the process of painting � not through the focused exploration of a front-loaded conceptual proposition. All casualists could be called provisional painters, but not all provisional painters are casualists. That many contemporary artists appropriate and strategically quote previous styles  is less relevant to the casualists� way of working than the way Rauschenberg used, say, a tire or a cardboard box. The idea is that meaning emerges from the act of making, not the other way around. Clearly PR was more interested in the ideas of older artists like Jacqueline Humphries who belong to the �painting is impossible� tradition that Rubinstein teases out. The painters I call the casualists, however, are far less concerned about framing their work in terms of the impossibility of painting than they are with uncovering, with good humor, new possibilities for painting. It�s subtle, but the approach is different.

For those who object to the term “casualist,” which PR says implies laziness, �casual� is not an inherently derogatory word. I meant the word to conjure a nonchalant, offhand, and flippant sensibility, but nonetheless a purposeful one–not lazy. The same reader misread the tone of the article as belittling, patronizing and condescending, but actually, I’m fascinated by some of the ideas outlined and am exploring them in the studio myself (although I’m far too much of a handwringer to consider myself a casualist).  Is it cheating to steal phrases from my own artist statement for my articles? I hope not, because for this article, I did. I would never deny that a painting, despite appearing unfinished or sloppy, might be a good painting.

Since the article was published, I�ve had several inquisitive readers write that different influences, exhibitions and sources might also have been included, and PR went so far as to say that the piece was a muddle–under-researched and without appropriate citations. As a university professor, I�m familiar with MLA citation guidelines, but I didn�t write the article for a peer-reviewed journal. I wrote it essentially as an opinion piece, springing from an exchange on Two Coats of Paint about a show at Nudashank, a Baltimore gallery that features work that might be considered casualist. I supported my argument, as any decent writer of this form would, with references to general knowledge and information that most Rail readers would be expected to possess. Obviously I was constrained by The Rail�s standard length and form limitations. A longer article might have referred to “A Painting Show” a terrific survey at Harris Lieberman that I saw just before turning the article in to the editor, as well as artists represented by Tanya Bonakdar, Lisa Cooley, Rachel Uffner, Untitled, and Canada all of whom present excellent exhibitions of work that might be considered casualist. Unfortunately an article like this wouldn’t have appeared in The Brooklyn Rail.

And, although I didn’t specifically mention it in the article, I cheerfully acknowledge the blatant influence of the early modernist easel-sized abstraction on the casualists. But it just seemed too obvious to mention. My aim in suggesting a link between the casualists and female artists from the 1970s was to illuminate a more intriguing, less transparent connection that readers might not be so quick to identify. For the peeved reader (same one) who questioned the inclusion of less prominent artists like Martin Bromirski (an early advocate of provisional painting who brought it to my attention on Anaba) and groused that I interspersed relatively unknown artists with internationally celebrated artists “without distinction,” I say, welcome to the less hierarchical world created by Web 2.0 and social networking media and offer no apologies. Isn’t it amazing that we have easy access to info about so many unrepresented artists and images of their work?


Thanks, everyone, for the wonderful feedback–even the negative. And now, back to vacation, where I’m contemplating still life, landscape, the figure, and more — does the world need any more abstract paintings? And I’m finally reading Jonathan Franzen’s Freedom, which, incidentally,  is not unrelated to the new casualism.


  1. I especially love that you mentioned lesser known talents. Can't imagine why that would irk anyone.

  2. I'll second that. Really refreshing.

  3. Bromirski has done a lot to showcase many artists, known and unknown; his voice counts. In addition to Provisionality I'd consider David Reed and Katy Siegel's High Times Hard Times as crucial to the historical foregrounding for the work deemed here, "New Casualist."

  4. I've been thinking about still life, too, and painting some. What does it mean to go from abstract to figurative and vice versa?

  5. I found your article on the "new casualists" enormously exciting–principally because it did put to words an approach to painting that I believe is particular to this moment. I appreciate these further elucidations on your thoughts as well. The influence of female artists from the 1970's is absolutely key here, as there is an idiosyncratic tenor to that work found no where else–and I would argue that the impact of that work is still being grasped by artists today in deeply important ways.

  6. "New casualist" is an apt term. These two posts reveal the instincts of the work without overdefining it. Without Martin's incessant enthusiasm and postings, I doubt I would ever have really appreciated this work.

  7. Nail meet head… "The idea is that meaning emerges from the act of making, not the other way around."

  8. Denny Greenway

    Take that Marcelavy.

  9. Denny Greenway

    But the problem I m having, after leaving the Bonakdar show, twice, I just felt a lack of identity, the show was made by Rachel Ray, everyone lives on the same block in the same upper class neighborhood, they all buy their nice clean materials from the same Home Depot and they all used Richard Tuttle 1.0. The Casualness seems feigned or affected, and I'm not convinced these people are finding all that much interesting. I mean I think a Basquiat 'worked thru his materials, but he had one sense of humor and finessing. On the other hand maybe that's the point, that art has gotten a bland sameness. Kinda risky to be so vulnerable I guess.

  10. I agree with ec about the importance of the "High Times Hard Times" show a few years ago.

  11. Would like to know why the use of the phrase "art practice." I realize it's a way of saying "this art or this painting does this or that," but wouldn't it be just as good to say the latter? It seems to take the artist down a peg to make him or her like a doctor with a "practice," while mis-representing the use of the word for a doctor, and although I am not at all a romantic about creativity and all that I feel that the use of the word "practice," sounds really out of place to describe this activity.

  12. How do you differentiate the new "casualism" with the Tachisme or Art Informal movement (Wols, Poliakoff, Tapi�, etc) of the 1950's, defined by Wiki as "the absence of premeditated structure, conception or approach (sans c�r�monie) than a mere casual, loosened or relaxed art procedure"? And more recently there was the Lyrical Abstraction movement with such artists as Edwin Ruda.

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